The main difference between aerobic and anaerobic exercise is that the former uses oxygen to produce energy in the muscles. The latter uses carbohydrates. When you do activities for long periods of time that use oxygen to generate muscle energy, this is aerobic exercise.
What is aerobic exercise?
Aerobic exercise is that which uses oxygen to generate energy in the muscles. In this sense, muscle cells need to consume more oxygen (inhaled on breathing) to produce energy. Since these are exercises performed for a longer period of time than anaerobic exercises, the human body will need much more energy. However, you will have more time to produce it. There is a molecule called adenosine triphosphate (ATP), which is used in both aerobic and anaerobic exercise. It is responsible for storing energy. After using some of the ATP in the cells, the body starts to use glucose. There are several types of aerobic exercise. And the pace of activity is the main factor in the effects on the body. However, we can mention the following as main examples: walking; running; dancing; swimming; etc.
What is anaerobic exercise?
During anaerobic exercise, the body produces energy through anaerobic metabolism, which does not use oxygen. In this case, energy is produced by burning carbohydrates. Any physical activity that works multiple muscles in the body intensely and continuously for a period of time is considered anaerobic exercise. The exercises are most sought after by those who want to build lean muscle mass and athletes, to increase strength and endurance. Muscle performance increases during anaerobic training. As in aerobic exercise, ATP molecules are used in anaerobic exercise. There are several types of training under conditions that do not use oxygen for muscle development. Some of the main ones are weight training, exercises that involve speed (running, cycling, swimming, etc.), squats. There are many others, which should be guided by a physical education professional, taking into account the goals and limitations of each individual.